&KDSWHU



DQGSODFHVDWLVIDFWLRQ7KXVWKHDLPRIP\WKHVLVLVµ9HUVWHKHQ¶ 6FKZDQGW

 LHWRWU\WRXQGHUVWDQGWKHPHDQLQJRIDFWLRQIURPWKHDFWRU¶VSRLQWRI

YLHZ6WDUWLQJIURPWKH UHVLGHQWV,exploreWKH FRQFHSW RI µD JRRG SODFH WR

OLYH¶ 7KXV , ZDQW WR interpret DQG understand /LWWOH   ZK\ UHVLGHQWV

OLNHRUGLVOLNHOLYLQJZKHUHWKH\OLYHDQGKRZYDOXHLVFUHDWHGE\UHVLGHQWVLQ

DSODFHFRQWH[WDQG,EHOLHYHWKDWE\GHVFULELQJWKHVLWXDWLRQLQGHWDLO,FDQ

DOVRFRPPXQLFDWHDQXQGHUVWDQGLQJRIZKDWLVLPSRUWDQW,QGRLQJVR,KDYH

WRLQWHUSUHWWKHVLWXDWLRQDV,FKRRVHZKDWWRKLJKOLJKWLQFOXGHDQGH[FOXGH

IURP WKH VWXG\ 7KLV DSSURDFK WR IRFXV RQ µ9HUVWHKHQ¶ UDWKHU WKDQ RQ

µ(UNOlUHQ¶KDVWKHSRWHQWLDOWRFRQWULEXWHQHZLQVLJKWVWRUHVHDUFKRQUHVLGHQWV¶

SODFH VDWLVIDFWLRQ ZKLFK WKXV IDU KDV EHHQ IRFXVHG RQ PHDVXULQJ SODFH

DWWULEXWHVLQDQDWWHPSWWRH[SODLQZKDWFDXVHVUHVLGHQWVWREHVDWLVILHGZLWK

WKHLUSODFH0\DSSURDFKLVFRPSOHWHO\GLIIHUHQW,QFRQWUDVWWRPXFKRIWKH

FXUUHQWUHVHDUFKRQµDJRRGSODFHWROLYH¶,GRQRWVHWRXWWRPHDVXUHDQ\WKLQJ

UDWKHU,DPVHDUFKLQJIRUDEHWWHUXQGHUVWDQGLQJRIKRZUHVLGHQWVUHODWHWRWKHLU

SODFHDQGKRZWKH\FUHDWHYDOXHLQWKLVFRQWH[W

-XVWDVLQWHUSUHWLYLVWVGR,VWULYHWRXQGHUVWDQGWKHZRUOGRIOLYHGH[SHULHQFH

IURPWKHSHUVSHFWLYHRIWKRVHZKROLYHLQLW 6FKZDQGW 7RXQGHUVWDQG

ZK\UHVLGHQWVKDYHGHFLGHGWROLYHZKHUHWKH\OLYH,QHHGWRXQGHUVWDQGWKH

PHDQLQJVWKDWFRQVWLWXWHWKDWVRFLDODFWLRQ7KXVLI,DPWRFRPSUHKHQGRWKHUV

,QHHGWRXQGHUVWDQGWKHPHDQLQJRIZKDWWKH\GRDQGLQRUGHUWRXQGHUVWDQG

WKLVPHDQLQJ,EHOLHYH,QHHGWRXQGHUVWDQGWKHPRQWKHLURZQWHUPV )D\

 7KLVKRZHYHUVKRXOGEHVHHQDVDYLVLRQUDWKHUWKDQDVVRPHWKLQJWKDW

FDQ EH DFKLHYHG IXOO\ LQ SUDFWLFH ,QWHUSUHWLQJ WKH PHDQLQJV RI DFWLRQV

SUDFWLFHV DQG FXOWXUDO REMHFWV LV H[WUHPHO\ GLIILFXOW DQG FRPSOLFDWHG )D\

 6WLOO,VHHLWDVGHVLUDEOHDQGVRPHWKLQJWRVWULYHIRUZLWKRXWFODLPLQJ

WKDW,KDYHDFKLHYHGVXFKDGHHSXQGHUVWDQGLQJLQP\UHVHDUFK)XUWKHUPRUH

EHFDXVH,KDYHFRQGXFWHGWKHUHVHDUFKIRUWKLVWKHVLVIRUDOPRVWVHYHQ\HDUV

P\ YLHZ RI VRFLDO VFLHQFH DQG KRZ , UHODWH WR WKH VRFLDO SKHQRPHQRQ , DP

VWXG\LQJKDVGHYHORSHGDQGFKDQJHG,QP\HDUO\UHVHDUFKHQGHDYRXUV,VKRZ

OHVVLQWHUHVWLQLQWHUSUHWDWLRQDQGLQXQGHUVWDQGLQJWKHVRFLDODFWLRQVRIWKRVH,

VWXG\DQG,DSSHDUPRUHRFFXSLHGZLWKDVREMHFWLYHO\DVSRVVLEOHGHVFULELQJ

ZKDW,VHHDQGKHDU

,ILQGWKHFRQVWUXFWLRQLVWYLHZWKDWNQRZOHGJHLVFUHDWHGDQGQRWGLVFRYHUHG

6FKZDQGW FRPSHOOLQJ%HUJHUDQG/XFNPDQQ  YLHZVRFLHW\DV

H[LVWLQJERWKDVDQREMHFWLYHDQGDVXEMHFWLYHUHDOLW\6RFLDOFRQVWUXFWLRQLVP

DFFHSWVWKDWWKHUHLVDQREMHFWLYHUHDOLW\RXWWKHUHEXWLWLVFRQFHUQHGZLWKKRZ

NQRZOHGJHLVFRQVWUXFWHGDQGXQGHUVWRRG6LPLODUO\,EHOLHYHWKDWFRQFHSWV



DUHFRQVWUXFWHGUDWKHUWKDQGLVFRYHUHG\HW,EHOLHYHWKDWWKH\FRUUHVSRQGWR

VRPHWKLQJUHDOLQWKHZRUOG

,EHOLHYHWKHZRUOGEHFRPHVNQRZQWRPHWKURXJKLQWHUSUHWDWLRQ,SHUFHLYH

FHUWDLQWKLQJVZKLOH,LJQRUHRWKHUV,GREHOLHYHWKDWE\OLVWHQLQJWRGLIIHUHQW

VWRULHV RQH¶V XQGHUVWDQGLQJ RI WKH FRQWH[W DQG RI ZKDW FRQVWLWXWHV µD JRRG

SODFHWROLYH¶FDQLPSURYH,VHHNµWKLFN¶GHVFULSWLRQV *HHUW] LHULFK

HPSLULFDOPDWHULDOWKDWDUHGHWDLOHGIRFXVHGDQGIXOO &KDUPD] LQP\

DWWHPSWV WR GHVFULEH DQG DQDO\VH µD JRRG SODFH WR OLYH¶ DV ZHOO DV SRVVLEOH

,QVSLUHGE\&KDUPD]  ZKRLQKHUWXUQLVLQVSLUHGE\6WUDXVVDQG&RUELQ

DQGJURXQGHGWKHRU\,KDYHDVWURQJEHOLHILQWKHHPSLULFDOPDWHULDOHYHQLI,

UHFRJQL]HWKHQHHGWRPDNHLQWHUSUHWDWLRQVLQRUGHUWRFRQGHQVHWKDWPDWHULDO

$VUHVHDUFKHUVPDQ\RIXVVHHPWRDJUHHWKDWµWKHRU\¶LVLPSRUWDQWDQGRXU

ZRUNYHU\PXFKFLUFXODWHVDURXQGWKHRU\ HJ&RUYHOOHF 3HUFHSWLRQV

RI ZKDW WKHRU\ LV KRZHYHU PD\ YDU\ DQG ZH WHQG WR UHODWH WR WKHRU\ LQ

GLIIHUHQWZD\V,QWKHWUDGLWLRQDOSKLORVRSK\RIVFLHQFHWKHRU\XVXDOO\UHIHUV

WR

«D SURSRVHG H[SODQDWLRQ RI REVHUYDEOH IDFWV VFUXWLQL]HG XVLQJ VFLHQWLILF

PHWKRG«7KHRULHVDUHEHOLHYHGWRFRQVLVWRIVHWVRIODZVWKDWDUHFRQVLGHUHGWR

EHWUXHRUXQLYHUVDO &RUYHOOHFS 

,EHOLHYHZHLQYHQWFRQFHSWVPRGHOVDQGWKHRULHVWRPDNHVHQVHRIH[SHULHQFH

DQG ZKDW ZH VHH ZKHQ ZH VWXG\ D VRFLDO SKHQRPHQRQ :KHQ ZH JDLQ QHZ

H[SHULHQFH SHUKDSV WKURXJK QHZ LQWHUYLHZV ZH FRQWLQXH WR PRGLI\ RXU

PRGHOVDQGFRQFHSWV,VHHWKHRULHVDVEHLQJWUXWKseekingZKLFKPHDQV,GR

QRWWKLQNZHFDQEHVXUHRXUWKHRULHVDFWXDOO\DUHµWUXH¶,QVWHDGWKHDLPRI

UHVHDUFKFDQEHWRLQFUHDVHWKHUHOHYDQFHRIRXUGHVFULSWLRQDQGWKXVLQFUHDVH

RXUXQGHUVWDQGLQJRIRXUUHVHDUFKVXEMHFW,QRWKHUZRUGV,EHOLHYHZHFDQ

QHYHU SURYH D VFLHQWLILF WKHRU\ µWUXH¶ DQG NQRZ IRU FHUWDLQ WKDW LW LV LQ IDFW

DFFXUDWH EXW ZH VKRXOG VWULYH IRU GHYHORSLQJ WKHRULHV WKDW DUH DV JRRG

H[SODQDWLRQVRIUHDOLW\DVSRVVLEOHDQGWKDWLQFUHDVHRXUXQGHUVWDQGLQJRIWKH

ZRUOG )D\ LQWKLVFDVHRXUXQGHUVWDQGLQJRIµDJRRGSODFHWROLYH¶,

UHFRJQL]HWKDWZHGRQRWFRQVWUXFWRXULQWHUSUHWDWLRQVLQLVRODWLRQEXWDJDLQVW

D EDFNGURS RI VKDUHG XQGHUVWDQGLQJV SUDFWLFHV DQG ODQJXDJH 6FKZDQGW

 

$QRWKHUHVVHQWLDOTXHVWLRQLVP\YLHZRQWKHRUHWLFDOFRQWULEXWLRQVDQGZKDW

FRQVWLWXWHV DGYDQFHPHQW LQ RXU XQGHUVWDQGLQJ RI D SKHQRPHQRQ VXFK DV µD

JRRGSODFHWROLYH¶%HFDXVH,VHHWKHRULHVDVVRPHWKLQJYDOXDEOH HYHQLI,GR



QRW VHH WKHP DV VRPHWKLQJ XQLYHUVDO DQG µWUXH¶  , DWWULEXWH JUHDW YDOXH WR

WKHRUHWLFDO SURJUHVV &RPPRQ GLPHQVLRQV IRU WKHRUHWLFDO FRQWULEXWLRQV DUH

originalityDQGutility &RUOH\DQG*LRLD OriginalityUHIHUULQJWRKRZ

H[LVWLQJ NQRZOHGJH LV FKDOOHQJHG DQG H[WHQGHG FDQ WDNH WKH IRUP RI

LQFUHPHQWDO LQVLJKWSURJUHVV VXFK DV LQFRUSRUDWLRQ RU D PRUH

UHYHODWRU\UHYROXWLRQDU\ WDNHRYHU /RVHH  &RUOH\ DQG *LRLD   ,

UHFRJQL]H ERWK ZD\V RI DFKLHYLQJ SURJUHVV , GR EHOLHYH WKHRUHWLFDO

FRQWULEXWLRQV FDQ EH PDGH WKURXJK PRUH revelatory LQVLJKWV ZKHUH WKHRU\

KHOSVXVVHHZKDWZHZRXOGRWKHUZLVHQRWVHHRUXQGHUVWDQG,QP\UHVHDUFK,

ZLVK WR RIIHU LQVLJKWV WR WKH SODFH PDUNHWLQJ ILHOG E\ ORRNLQJ DW WKH SODFH

FRQWH[WWKURXJKDQHZOHQVRQHWKDWWDNHVWKHUHVLGHQWDVWKHVWDUWLQJSRLQW

LQVWHDG RI SODFH SURYLGHUV DQG WKH SODFH DQG ZKDW LW KDV WR RIIHU 7KH

FRQWULEXWLRQWKHQOLHVLQDQHZZD\RIXQGHUVWDQGLQJWKHSODFHFRQWH[WUDWKHU

WKDQDQLQFUHPHQWDOLQVLJKWDQG,GREHOLHYHWKLVLVRQHZD\LQZKLFKDUHVHDUFK

ILHOGFDQSURJUHVV

+RZHYHUDWWKHVDPHWLPH,VHHWKHLQFRUSRUDWLRQRISDVWUHVXOWVLQWRSUHVHQW

WKHRULHV DV WKH IRXQGDWLRQ IRU VFLHQWLILF SURJUHVV DQG WKXV :KHZHOO¶V

³WULEXWDU\ULYHU´ LPDJH DWWUDFWV PH /RVHH   DQ LPDJH LQ ZKLFK SDVW

UHVXOWVDUHLQFRUSRUDWHGLQWRSUHVHQWWKHRULHVOLNHGLIIHUHQWZDWHUVRXUFHVIRUP

DULYHU7KXVLWLVLPSRUWDQWIRUPHWREXLOGRQSUHYLRXVUHVHDUFKDQGWKHUHDUH

VHYHUDOH[DPSOHVRIVXFKEXLOGLQJLQWKLVWKHVLV)RUH[DPSOH,XVHWKHVHUYLFH

EDVHGORJLFDVDWKHRUHWLFDOIUDPHZRUNDQGEXLOGRQSODFHPDUNHWLQJDQGSXEOLF

PDQDJHPHQW VWXGLHV HPSKDVL]LQJ FRFUHDWLRQ DQG WKH UROH RI UHVLGHQWV

$QRWKHUFRQFUHWHH[DPSOHRIP\EHOLHILQSURJUHVVWKURXJKLQFRUSRUDWLRQLV

WKDW,EXLOGRQSUHYLRXVVWXGLHVRQSODFHVDWLVIDFWLRQDQGLQFRUSRUDWHSUHYLRXV

UHVHDUFKLQWRP\RZQVWXG\RQµDJRRGSODFHWROLYH¶P\DLPEHLQJWREXLOGD

EULGJHEHWZHHQWZRVWUHDPVRIUHVHDUFKLHEHWZHHQUHVHDUFKRQUHVLGHQWV¶

SODFHVDWLVIDFWLRQDQGUHVHDUFKHPSKDVL]LQJFRFUHDWLRQDQGWKHLPSRUWDQFHRI

WKHXVHU

UtilityLVWKHRWKHUGLPHQVLRQRIPDNLQJDWKHRUHWLFDOFRQWULEXWLRQWKDW,VHHDV

LPSRUWDQW 8WLOLW\ UHIHUV WR WKH UHVHDUFK DV VRPHWKLQJ XVHIXO HLWKHU IRU WKH

UHVHDUFKFRPPXQLW\RUIRUSUDFWLWLRQHUVEXWSUHIHUDEO\IRUERWK7KHSURJUHVV

VKRXOGWKXVDOVREHXVHIXOZKLFKLWLVLIWKHFRQFHSWXDOULJRULPSURYHVLIWKH

FRQFHSW LV IXUWKHU VSHFLILHG RU LI WKH SRVVLELOLW\ WRRSHUDWLRQDOL]H RU WHVW WKH

FRQFHSWLVHQKDQFHG &RUOH\DQG*LRLD 7KHREMHFWLYHVRIWKLVWKHVLV

UHIOHFWDQDPELWLRQWRLPSURYHRXUNQRZOHGJHDQGIXUWKHUVSHFLI\WKHPHDQLQJ

RIµDJRRGSODFHWROLYH¶ZKLFKFDQKDYHJUHDWYDOXHIRUERWKUHVHDUFKHUVDQG

SUDFWLWLRQHUVZRUNLQJLQDSODFHFRQWH[W



1DWXUDOO\ P\ YLHZ RQ KRZ ZH FDQ XQGHUVWDQG WKH ZRUOG WKHRU\ DQG

FRQWULEXWLRQKDVLPSOLFDWLRQVIRUP\PHWKRGRORJLFDOFKRLFHV,VHHUHVHDUFK

PHWKRGVDVDWRROIRUXQGHUVWDQGLQJP\UHVHDUFKVXEMHFWDQGZDQWWRXVHWKH

WRRO PRVW VXLWDEOH WR WKH VSHFLILF VLWXDWLRQ DQG WKH SUREOHP RI LQWHUHVW 7KH

PHWKRGRORJLFDOFKRLFHFDQWKXVEHVHHQDVDIXQFWLRQRIWKHSXUSRVHRIWKH

VWXG\DVZHOODVWKH OHYHO RIHVWDEOLVKHG WKHRU\ZLWKLQ WKH ILHOG,QRUGHUWR

DFKLHYHWKHRYHUDUFKLQJDLPRIWKLVWKHVLV²WRLPSURYHRXUXQGHUVWDQGLQJRI

µDJRRGSODFHWROLYH¶E\H[SORULQJKRZLWFDQEHXQGHUVWRRGFRQFHSWXDOL]HG

DQGVWXGLHG²,KDYHXVHGTXDOLWDWLYHPHWKRGV4XDOLWDWLYHUHVHDUFKVHHNVDQ

LQGHSWKXQGHUVWDQGLQJRIWKHSKHQRPHQDDWKDQGDQGFRQVHTXHQWO\LWFDQLQ

WKLVFDVHEHVHHQDVDPHWKRGRORJLFDOFRQVHTXHQFHRIWKHSXUSRVHRIWKHVWXG\

$VDILUVWVWHSLQWKHUHVHDUFKSURFHVV,SUREOHPDWL]HWKHSODFHFRQWH[WDQG

GLVFRYHUWKDWLIZHORRNDWWKLVFRQWH[WZLWKRXWXVLQJWKHWUDGLWLRQDOVWDUWLQJ

SRLQWVLHWKHSODFHSURYLGHUDQGWKHSODFHLWVHOIZHFDQVHHQHZWKLQJV:LWK

WKH VHUYLFHEDVHG ORJLF DV D WKHRUHWLFDO IRXQGDWLRQ , ZDQW WR VWXG\ WKH

SKHQRPHQRQHPSLULFDOO\&RQVLGHULQJWKDW,ZLVKWRH[SORUHKRZµDJRRGSODFH

WROLYH¶LVSHUFHLYHGE\WKHPDLQSURYLGHUDQGUHVLGHQWVXVLQJDQHZWKHRUHWLFDO

IUDPHZRUN IRU WKH ILHOG WKH EHVW DSSURDFK LV WR XVH D TXDOLWDWLYH PHWKRG

4XDOLWDWLYHUHVHDUFKRIWHQVWDUWVIURPWKHSHUVSHFWLYHDQGDFWLRQVRIWKHVXEMHFW

VWXGLHGDQGLQPRVWTXDOLWDWLYHVWXGLHVWKHUHVHDUFKHU¶VLQWHUSUHWLYHZRUNLV

FHQWUDO $OYHVVRQ DQG 6N|OGEHUJ   4XDOLWDWLYH UHVHDUFK LQFOXGHV WKUHH

PDLQ PHWKRGV LQWHUYLHZV REVHUYDWLRQV DQG WH[WXDO DQDO\VLV 6LOYHUPDQ

 ,QWKLVUHVHDUFKGLIIHUHQWNLQGVRILQWHUYLHZVKDYHSULPDULO\EHHQXVHG

VXSSRUWHG E\ REVHUYDWLRQV ZKHQ DSSURSULDWH DQG SRVVLEOH &RQVLGHULQJ P\

GHVLUHWRXQGHUVWDQGWKHZRUOGIURPWKHSHUVSHFWLYHRIWKRVHZKROLYHLQLWLW

ZRXOG KDYH EHHQ GHVLUDEOH WR XVH PRUH REVHUYDWLRQV ZKHQ , VWXGLHG WKH

UHVLGHQWV+RZHYHUIRUSUDFWLFDOUHDVRQVWKLVKDVQRWEHHQSRVVLEOH

%HIRUH , HODERUDWH RQ FROOHFWLRQ RI WKH HPSLULFDO PDWHULDO ZLWK D IRFXV RQ

LQWHUYLHZLQJDVWKHPDLQUHVHDUFKPHWKRG,ZLOOLQWURGXFHWKHUHVHDUFKGHVLJQ

DQGWKHILYHSDSHUVIRFXVLQJRQWKHLUUHVSHFWLYHSXUSRVHV

I dokument 'A good place to live' Rethinking residents' place satisfaction and the role of co-creation Källström, Lisa (sidor 70-74)