Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology
January – December 2015
The department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM) hereby presents its 45th consecutive progress report since the start in
1970. The report contains a description of activities in research and education within the department and in collaborations and it is intended as a source of information for colleagues and other interested readers.
IFM IS ORGANIZED IN FIVE SCIENTIFIC AREAS
• Applied Physics • Biology • Chemistry • Material Physics • Theory and Modelling
A large part of the research within these divisions is made possible by generous grants from funding agencies like The Swedish Research Council (VR), The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF), The Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, VINNOVA, FORMAS, and also different international and European research programs.
During the year 2015, 31 doctorial and 15 licentiate theses were presented. More than 230 undergraduate courses were offered in programs for Masters of Science in Engineering, for Master of Science, for Bachelor of Science in Engineering, and for teacher training programs.
I also want to take this opportunity to thank all staff, teachers, researchers and students for their dedication and hard work for the department and for the university. This report reflects their love and ambitions for the academic world.
Finally, I am most grateful for the warm welcome I have received at IFM.
IFM 2Acitvity Report
9New Professor 2015
22- Measurement Technology
22International Master’s Programme
Education 25Forum Scientium
26Graduate School Agora Materiae
27IFM Graduate Program
Scientific Branch of
Applied Sensor Science
38Biomolecular and Organic Electronics
41Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Chemical and Optical Sensor Systems
54Complex Materials and Devices
58Molecular Surface Physics
and Nano Science
61Surface Physics and Chemistry
Scientific Branch of Biology
68AVIAN Behavioural Genomics and
The Sensory and Behavioral
73Conservation Ecology Group
74Plant Evolution Group
76Animal Biology Group Wetland
Scientific Branch of Chemistry
Scientific Branch of
101Functional Electronic Materials
110Plasma & Coatings Physics
114Surface and Semiconductor Physics
122Thin Film Physics
Scientific Branch of Theory and
Scientific Branch of
Linköping Linnaeus Initiative for
Novel Functional Materials (LiLi-NFM)
152Linköping Biosensors and
Bioelectronics Centre (LBB)
Head of Department Kenneth Järrendahl/Ulf Karlsson Deputy Heads Magdalena Svensson
Per Jensen/Kenneth Järrendahl Financial Administrator Inger Johansson
Personnel Administrator Louise Gustafsson Rydström Principal Research Engineer Henrik Jacobsson
Kenneth Järrendahl, Chairperson Jan-Jun 2015
Ulf Karlsson, Chairperson July 2015- Kenneth Järrendahl Peter Nilsson, Teacher Representative Elke Schweda Uno Wennergren, Teacher Representative Björn Wallner Karin Enander, Teacher Representative Urban Friberg Per Eklund, Teacher Representative Hans Högberg Jordi Altimiras, Teacher Representative
Simona Eles, Adm/tech Representative Anna Sundin
Mattias Tengelius, PhD-student Representative Jan-Oct 2015 Lina Tengdelius, Jan-Oct 2015 Linda Lantz, PhD-student Representative Nov 2015- Mattias Tengelius, Nov 2015-Martin Eriksson, PhD-student Representative Leif Johansson, Jan-Oct 2015
Katarina Bengtsson, Nov 2015-Jonas Hartmann, Student Representative Jan-Sept 2015
Johan Nilsson, Student Representative Oct 2015- Lena Martinsson, Secretary
Louise Gustafsson Rydström Inger Johansson
Department board Head of Department
Administrative support Technical Division
Study Programmes Scienfific Areas
LSG, Local cooperating group
Research Centres Applied Physics
Applied Optics, Applied Sensor Science, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Biotechnology,
Chemical and Optical Sensor Systems, Complex Materials and Devices, Molecular Physics,
Molecular Surface Physics and Nanoscience, Surface Physics and Chemistry
Ecology, Molecular genetics, Zoology
Biochemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Molecular Biotechnology, Organic Analytical Chemistry,
Organic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Protein Chemistry
Functional Electronic Materials, Nanoscale Engineering, Nanostructured materials, Plasma and Coating Physics,
Semiconductor Materials, Surface and Semiconductor Physics,
Thin Film Physics
Theory and Modelling
Bioinformatics, Theoretical Biology, Theoretical Chemistry, Theoretical Physics
Ph.D. studies Biology Chemistry Physics – Engineering Physics – Natural Science Physics – Measurement Technology
Biosensors and Bioelectronics Centre CeNano
FunMat LiLi – NFM
Director of Studies
Biology Agneta Johansson
Chemistry Magdalena Svensson
Physics Magnus Johansson
Physics – Measurement Technology Magnus Boman
Kenneth Järrendahl - Main Director of Studies
International Master’s Programme
Applied Ethology and Biology Agneta Johansson Ecology and the Environment Agneta Johansson Material Physics and Nanotechnology Wei-Xin Ni
Organic synthesis/medicinal chemistry Magdalena Svensson
IFM Graduate Programme Per-Olof Holtz Forum Scientium Stefan Klintström Agora Materiae Per-Olof Holtz
Scientific Branch of Applied Physics
Applied Optics Kenneth Järrendahl, prof. Applied Sensor Science Anita Lloyd-Spetz, prof. Biomolecular and Organic Electronics Olle Inganäs, prof. Biosensors and Biolelectronics Anthony Turner, prof. Biotechnology Carl.Fredrik Mandenius, prof. Chemical and Optical Sensor Systems Stefan Klintström, Dr., chairperson Complex Materials and Devices Martijn Kemerink
Molecular Surface Physics and Nanoscience Kajsa Uvdal, prof.
Molecular Physics Thomas Ederth, assoc. prof. Surface Physics and Chemistry Mats Fahlman, prof.
Scientific Branch of Biology
Ecology Per Milberg, prof.
Molecular Genetics Johan Edqvist, assoc. prof. Zoology Jordi Altimiras, assoc. prof.
Scientific Branch of Chemistry
Biochemistry Uno Carlsson
Inorganic Chemistry Per-Olov Käll, prof.
Molecular Biotechnology Bengt Harald Jonsson, prof., chairperson Organic Analytical Chemistry Elke Schweda, prof.
Organic Chemistry Peter Konradsson, prof. Physical Chemistry Lars Ojamäe, prof. Protein Chemistry Per Hammaström, prof.
Scientific Branch of Material Physics
Functional Electronic Materials Weimin Chen, prof. Nanoscale Engineering Kostas Sarakinos, Dr. Nanostructured Materials Magnus Odén, prof. Plasma and Coatings Physics Ulf Helmersson, prof.
Semiconductor Materials Erik Janzén, prof., deputy chairperson Surface and Semiconductor Physics Roger Uhrberg, prof.
Thin Film Physics Lars Hultman, prof. / Jens Birch, prof. acting head of division
Scientific Branch of Theory and Modelling
Bioinformatics Björn Wallner, Dr. Theoretical Biology Uno Wennergren, prof. Theoretical Chemistry Patrick Norman, prof.
Operating income (MSEK) 2015 2014
University allocations for teaching 84 83 University allocations for research 158 170 External sources of income 224 224
Total 466 477
External sources of income (amounts in MSEK)
Swedish Research Council, VR 64 64 Other Research-funding agencies, e.g.
27 24 Research foundations, e.g. SSF 23 23 Other private foundations, e.g. Wallenberg 57 55 Funding from the European Union 26 28 Other sources of funding 20 18
Contract research 6 8 Total 223 220
EconomyUniversity allocations for teaching
48%University allocations for research External sources of income 29% 12% 10% 25% 13% 9% 3%
Distribution of income
sources, IFM 2015
External sources of
income, IFM 2015
New Professor 2015
Peter Nilsson obtained his PhD in Biomolecular and Organic Electronics from Linköping University in 2005 on the topic of utilizing conjugated polymers as biosensors. After achieving a multidisciplinary post-doc
scholarship from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation he joined the Department of
Neuropathology at University Hospital of Zurich, Switzerland as a postdoc and began working on neurodegenerative diseases, such as prion diseases and Alzheimer´s disease.
In 2008, after receiving the Ingvar Carlsson 2 (ICA2) Award from the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF), he was recruited back to Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University as a LiU Research fellow to start his own independent research group. His research focusses on the synthesis of novel molecules and materials that can be employed as multimodal tools to study disease associated molecular processes, as well as being utilized as novel diagnostics and therapeutics towards Alzheimer’s disease, cancer and bacterial infection.
He is a recipient of several prestigious young investigator awards, including an ERC starting grant from the European Research Council and Future Research Leaders 4 (FFL-4) from SSF, and since June 2015 he is a full professor in Organic Chemistry at IFM. Currently, he has published over 85 peer reviewed papers and has an h-index of 28.
IFM has an injunction, according to the Swedish Environmental Code, to submit a yearly report to the local environmental agency describing the laboratory work at the
department. The agency makes regular inspections at IFM.
Environmental management system
The Rector at LiU decided in 2006 that all departments must work according to an environmental management system. Since 2009 a regulation of environmental management for government agencies stipulates how to perform the environmental work. In 2010 an environmental enquiry was performed at LiU and resulted in several environmental objective areas and objectives. At IFM a plan for the environmental work was first established in 2004 and resulted in measures taken towards reaching an environmental management system. The environmental work has been presented in the local co-operation group during the year.
Environmental action plan at IFM 2013-2015
The environmental action plan for 2013-2015 was decided by the IFM board in June 2013. The IFM environmental action plan is based on the LiU environmental objectives and consists of environmental objectives and measures needed to be taken within IFM. The objectives are organised according to environmental objective areas. The environmental action is followed up annually and was revised in August 2014 and in June 2015.
Expanding knowledge of the environmental
dimension of sustainable development
1. The internal LiU environmental work will be communicated to all employees and students at campus, by 2015 at the latest.
The internal environmental website at IFM have been improved. The work was initiated 2014 and was finished during 2015.
Environmental- and laboratory safety
information have been introduced as a standing item in the IFM weekly newsletter. During 2015 19 of 41 newsletters contained environmental- or laboratory safety information.
Limit the contribution to the climate
2. Reduce the electricity consumption at LiU by 5 % per employee/student by 2015 compared with 2011.
IFM was planning to participate in the LiU campaign to reduce the energy use. Since LiU decided not to perform the campaign IFM did not fulfilled this measure. Information and follow up about energy consumption have been given employees by published information in the IFM weekly newsletter and at the internal environmental website. To reduce the energy consumption at IFM replacement of armatures in offices, corridors and common areas was initiated by Akademiska hus during 2015 and the replacement will be finished during 2016. 3. Energy consumption of computers and servers at LiU will be measured and reduced, following a realistically set target, during the period 2013-2015.
IFM participated in the LiU inventory of the number of computers, servers and screens during 2013. At IFM there were 2189 computers and 1351 screens available in 2013. The number of servers was not reported. 4. The proportion of air travel consisting of journeys shorter than 500 km will be reduced, and in relation to long distance air travel, the CO2 emissions will be less than 2 % of the total CO2 emissions from air travel by 2015 at the latest.
During 2015 IFM purchased webcam and headsets to provide alternatives of travel-free meetings. Employees have been informed about travel-free meeting alternatives available at IFM and LiU, environmental friendly travelling and the LiU travel handbook. During 2013, IFM, together with two other Departments at LiU, received funding from the University climate compensation fund for a project with the purpose to compensate for increased costs when traveling by other transportation means than by air. During 2015 one application for
compensation was submitted and granted. 5. The use of private cars for business purposes will be reduced and the use of LiU-Service cars will increase. The use of private cars for business purposes will be maximum 20 % of the total use of cars for business travel by 2015 at the latest.
During 2015 information have been given employees in the IFM weekly newsletter. Information about rental cars and bicycles from LiU-Service and the possibility to travel by the Campus bus have been given to all new employees at the introduction day.
Streamlining the use of natural resources
6. Reduce the consumption of copying/printer paper by 10 % per employee/student by 2015 compared with 2011.
IFM was planning to participate in the LiU campaign for employees to reduce paper consumption. Since LiU decided not to perform
the campaign IFM did not fulfilled this
measure. Information about paper consumption have been published in the IFM weekly
newsletter and at the internal environmental website.
7. Reduce the amount of waste that is incinerated from LiU’s facilities by 10 % between 2013 and 2015.
The information about the waste recycling system available on the IFM intranet have been improved and employees have been given the information in the IFM weekly newsletter and in updated notices at site for waste recycling in kitchens and common areas.
Minimizing the spread of harmful and
infectious substances from the facilities
8. Harmful substances in IT equipment at LiU will be phased out continuously.
An inventory of number of computers, tablets, screens and smartphones at IFM was made 2013. For information see objective three above. At IFM there were 33 tablets available in 2013. Number of smartphones could not be obtained.
9. Replace or reduce the use of substances harmful to health or to the environment in laboratory environments, where possible, by substitutions and changes to methods during the period 2013-2015.
A survey of use, amount and possible substitution of the harmful chemicals and dissolving agents trichloroethylene and dichloromethane was made during 2015. The result was reported to the local environmental agency. Substitution survey for 2015 have been sent to divisions and the results will be published in a report during 2016. The work with follow up of the substitution survey from 2012 was initiated during 2014 but due to a delay and the upcoming substitution survey for 2015 the follow up was called off.
At IFM there is an ambition to integrate the perspective of equal opportunities throughout all our activities and with students, employees and temporary guests all in mind. This is a fundamental matter of fairness and meets national legislation, but we believe that it also contributes to an attractive study and work environment and results in increased creativity and quality in what we do. In this work, we mainly address issues of equality and gender, ethnic and religious diversity, accessibility and participation for people with disabilities, and equality of rights and treatment for everyone regardless of age or gender identity. It also concerns other forms of victimisation, related to e. g. social background.
- IFM should be free from discrimination, harassment and other victimisation. - IFM recruitment processes should be non-discriminatory.
- All employees and students at IFM should feel welcome.
- IFM should take advantage of the resources and experiences that students and employees with different backgrounds, life situations and skills can bring to the university.
- There should be equal opportunities in terms of employees’ working conditions, salaries, influence, career opportunities and possibilities to combine a professional career with
responsibility for home and family.
- There should be equal opportunities at all courses given by IFM and we are prepared to give special attention to students who have been granted special educational support.
There is a group at IFM dedicated to realising this vision by monitoring the situation at the department related to equal opportunities issues, by running projects, and by making sure that information about seminars and projects arranged by LiU is made available. This group had the following members at the end of 2015: Ann-Christin Brorsson (equal opportunities representative at IFM), Karin Enander (equal opportunities representative at IFM), Ulf Frykman (technical staff), Simona Eles (technical staff), Chun-Xia Du (technical staff), Agneta Johansson (teacher), Per Persson (teacher), and Maria Ericsson (PhD student).
Our department has always been very active in different forms of school contacts. For many years we have had young researchers part time employed for external contacts, one each from physics, chemistry and biology. IFM is represented in the board for school contacts of LiTH. The goal of this board is to coordinate and support existing activities, as well as developing new exciting activities.
Perhaps the most frequent activity is various study visits by children, young people and teachers.
During 2015 IFM hosted numerous visits and we also visited Soltorgsgymansiet in Borlänge where we offered exciting
demonstrations and lectures on topics related to physics, biology and chemistry.
LiTH arranges a summer school,
“Sommarveckan”, for pupils in elementary school, at the age of 14-15 years, who want to learn more about natural science and technology.
• In 2015, the event consisted of five days with different themes. The week started with a day about physics at IFM. The remaining days included computer science, visualization, biology, chemistry and technology. There were 108 participants from the region.
• During the physics day the pupils were shown a demonstration of phenomena occurring at low temperatures, such as superconductivity. One popular moment was when they got to crush roses cooled by liquid nitrogen to low temperatures. The pupils also had the chance to build their own telescopes.
In May we have a popular activity targeting secondary and upper secondary school teachers, the May Mingle, “Majminglingen”.
Schoolteachers and university teachers meet in
lectures and discussions. This activity is arranged in cooperation with the Mathematics department MAI.
Popular science week
In October we participated in a Popular Science week for the general public. The IFM-professor Per Jensen initiated this event in 2005, and the interest is steady growing since then. The success of the initial Popular Science day has led to a larger three-day arrangement involving fields from the entire university, the Popular Science week, with about 2000 visitors. IFM participated 2015 with exhibitions and lectures given by PhD students as well as senior researchers, e.g. on ethology and molecular physics.
In-job training for high school teachers
In October the Chemistry department hosted an in-job training day for high school teachers active in Östergötland. The program consisted of lectures from active researchers, a tour of the research lab facilities and a fruitful discussion between highschool teachers and university teachers on topics of mutual interest concerning chemistry education.
Open house days
During the annual Open House days arranged by Linköping University, IFM participated with hands-on exhibitions. These days aim to inspire teachers and pupils from upper secondary school and encourage the pupils to head for higher education.
Photos from the popular science day, a study visit and “Sommarveckan”.
The undergraduate education given by the Department
of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM) had four main
teaching areas 2015.
• Physics (Director of Studies: Magnus Johansson)
• Physics -Measurement Technology
(Director of Studies: Magnus Boman)
• Biology at the Natural science, Teachers and
(Director of Studies: Agneta Johansson)
• Chemistry at the Natural science, Teachers and
Engi-neering programs (Director of Studies: Magdalena
Main Director of Studies was
• Director of studies: Magnus Johansson • Administrative assistants: Agne Virsilaite
• Technical staff: Hasan Dzuho and Jonas
• Course leaders: Björn Alling, Rickard
Armiento, Hans Arwin, Jens Birch, Emma Björk, Magnus Boman, Irina Buyanova, Valeriu Chirita, Marcus Ekholm, Per Eklund, Fredrik Eriksson, Jens Eriksson, Mats Eriksson, Mats Fahlman, Urban Forsberg, Carl Hemmingsson, Chariya Jacobi, Magnus Johansson, Kenneth Järrendahl, Fredrik Karlsson, Peter Münger, Son Tien Nguyen, Wei-Xin Ni, Weine Olovsson, Plamen Paskov, Johanna Rosén, Per Sandström, Kostas Sarakinos, Sergei Simak, Niclas Solin, Mikael Syväjärvi, Ferenc Tasnadi, Roger Uhrberg, Sergiy Valyukh, Irina Yakimenko
• Assistant lecturers: Peter Andersson, Robert
• Teaching assistant: Maria Pihl
In our teaching area, we are responsible for physics courses on the following Engineering M.Sc. programs offered by the Institute of Technology at Linköping University.
(The Swedish name of the degree from one of these programs is “Civilingenjör”.) A total of about 700 students are annually accepted in these programs.
D: Computer Science and Engineering (90) I: Industrial Engineering and
Management (180) Ii: Industrial engineering and Management - International (40) IT: Information Technology (30) M: Mechanical Engineering (120) MED: Biomedical Engineering (30)
MT: Media Technology and Engineering (60) TB: Engineering Biology (30)
U: Computer Science and Software Engineering (30)
Y: Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering (90)
Yi: Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International (20) The nominal time for the Engineering M.Sc. programs is 5 years. The first three years mainly consist of compulsory courses in basic subjects and corresponds to B.Sc. degree. Starting from 2014, the third-year students on the Y(Yi)-program can choose to make a Bachelor Project in Applied Physics offered by our teaching area. During the third year the students make a choice among the different specialisations (Master profiles) in years 4-5, which contain some compulsory courses (profile courses) but most are selectable and can be composed to fit the students own interest.
The Y(Yi)-students can choose between 11 profiles, two of which are organized in our teaching area:
• Theory, modelling and visualization (Irina Yakimenko/Rickard Armiento) • Material and nano physics (Fredrik Eriksson) The MED-students can choose between 3 profiles; of these, Biomedical engineering materials is organized in our area (Thomas Ederth).
The profiles organized in our area all lead to a M.Sc. with a major in Applied Physics. In addition, we also give physics courses on the Programme in Physics and Nanoscience (FyN), leading to a Bachelor of Science (3 years) with a major in Physics, on the Master’s Programme in Physics and Nanoscience (MFYS), on the International Master’s Programmes in
Materials Science and Nanotechnology (MSN), and, to a minor extent, Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Electronics Engineering (ELE). Contact persons in our teaching area are Marcus Ekholm (FyN, MFYS) and Wei-Xin Ni (MSN).
Below is a list of the courses given by our teaching area in 2015.
Tuition in Physics• Basic courses:
Alternative Energy Sources and their Applications (FyN, MFYS, Y), 6hp
Applied Physics - Bachelor Project (Y, Yi), 16hp Electromagnetic Field Theory (FyN, Y, Yi), 8hp Electromagnetism - Theory and Applications (IT), 8hp
Electromagnetism - Theory and Applications (MED), 6hp
Engineering Mechanics (D), 6hp Engineering project (MED, Y, Yi), 6hp Mechanical waves (FyN), 2hp
Models in Physics (IT), 8hp Modern Physics (MED), 6hp Modern Physics I (FyN, Y, Yi), 4hp Modern Physics II (FyN, Y, Yi), 4hp Nano Scientific Project (FyN), 6hp
Nanotechnology (BME, FyN, MFYS, MSN, TB, Y, Yi), 6hp
Optics - Theory and Application (FyN, MED, Y, Yi), 4hp
Oscillations and Mechanical Waves (MED), 4hp
Oscillations and Mechanical Waves (Y, Yi), 4hp Perspectives on Physics (D, FyN, Y, Yi), 2hp Physics (D), 5hp
Physics (I, Ii), 6hp Physics (M), 6hp
Physics and Mechanics (U), 6hp Physics of Sound (MT), 6hp
Principles of Physics and introduction to Nanophysics (FyN), 10hp
Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics (FyN, Y, Yi), 6hp
• Advanced courses:
Advanced Project Work in Applied Physics, 6hp Analytical Mechanics, 6hp
Analytical Methods in Materials Science, 6hp
Classical Electrodynamics, 6hp Computational Physics, 6hp Cosmology, 6hp
Experimental Physics, 6hp
Fundamentals in Materials Science, 6hp Material Optics, 6hp
Mathematical Methods of Physics, 6hp Nano Physics, 6hp
Optoelectronics, 6hp Physical Metallurgy, 6hp
Physics of Condensed Matter I, 6hp Physics of Condensed Matter II, 6hp
Project course in Computational Physics CDIO, 12 hp
Project Course in Physics - Design and Fabrication of Sensor Chip, CDIO, 12 hp Quantum Computers, 6hp
Quantum Dynamics, 6hp Quantum Mechanics, 6hp Semiconductor Technology, 6hp Soft Condensed Matter Physics, 6hp Surface Physics, 6hp
Thin Film Physics, 6hp
• Single subject course:
Physics and the Environment, 6hp We also examined and supervised the individual Degree projects for 4 Bachelor’s Theses (16hp) and 24 Master’s Theses (30hp) in Physics or Applied Physics, finished in 2015.
• Director of studies: Agneta Johansson; • Education administrator:
• Engineers: ToveBjerg;
• Teachers: Jordi Altimiras, Mats Amundin,
Karl Olof Bergman, Kjell Carlsson, Bo Ebenman, Johan Edqvist, Jenny Hagenblad, Anders Hargeby, Per Jensen, Anna Eklöf, Hanne Lövlie, Jennie Westander, Matthias Laska, Eva Mattsson, Per Milberg, Lina Roth, Karin S Tonderski, Uno Wennergren, Dominic Wright and Thomas Östholm
Courses in biology are offered as parts of
the following study programmes:
• Bachelor of Science in Biology, profiles in Ecology, Environmental Management and Nature Conservation, Ethology and AnimalBiology and Molecular Genetics and Physiology
• Masters of Science in Biology, profiles, Applied Ethology and Animal Biology, Ecology and the Environment • Chemical Biology
• Engineering Biology
• Industrial Engineering and Management • Experimental and Medical Biosciences • The Program for education in Linköping • Separate courses
• Basic year
Bachelor of Science in Biology, profiles in Ecology, Environmental Management and Nature Conservation, Ethology and Animal Biology and Molecular Genetics and Physiology (180 credit points/hp). The Programmes include, in the first two years, basic courses in chemistry and general biology. In the third year here are courses specific for each profile.
Master of Science in Biology, profile in Applied Ethology and Animal Biology, and Ecology and
the Environment. The profiles in Applied Ethology and Physiology are a collaboration between the department of biology at Linköping University and the Kolmårdens Djurpark.
The first year includes nine courses and at the end of the year the student start with his/ her Master thesis. The Master thesis is a full year project that will take most of the second year. At the end of the second year the programme ends with a final course – Communicating science.
The current Program for teacher education for the Upper Secondary School and the Primary School started in 2011. The program involves a Biology and a Nature Science profile. The division has been responsible for the biology part of the program.
Biology courses are also given in
• Chemical Biology • Engineering Biology
• Industrial Engineering and Management • Experimental and Medical Biosciences
Separate courses. All courses within the Biology programme are also available as separate courses. Besides the courses in the Biology programme 8 separate courses have been given.
Basic year, with introductory courses in biology on the Upper Secondary School level.
Animal Function and Environmental Adaptation 15 hp
Animal Husbandry and its Administration, 6hp Applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), 6 hp
Botany 1, 6 hp Botany 2, 6 hp
Cell Biology, 6 hp,
Degree Project - Bachelor’s Thesis, 16 hp Ecology , second course, 15 hp
Ecology, 6 hp
Environmental Management, 6 hp Ethology and Animal Welfare, 15hp
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Monitoring, 6 hp Environmental Protection and Environmental Impact Assessments, 9 hp
Evolution, 6 hp Genetics, 6 hp
Scientific Methods, Analysis and Statistics, 6 hp Microbiology, 6 hp
Molecular Physiology and Cell Signaling Mechanisms, 6 hp
Genes and Gene expressions, 15 hp Nature Conservation in Practise, 15 hp Principals in Physiology, 6 hp
Zoology, Morphology and Systematics, 6 hp
Masters of Science in Biology, profile Ecology and the Environment
Communicating science, 6hp
Degree Project - Master’s Thesis, 60 hp Methods in ecology, 15 hp
Ecological Applications in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 9 hp
In situ Conservation, 6 hp Internship in Ecology, 9 hp
Modelling of Biological Systems, 6 hp
Population Ecology: Theories and Applications, 9 hp
Masters of Science in Biology, profile Applied Ethology and Animal Biology
Applied Ethology, 15hp Behaviour Genetics, 7,5 hp Behavioral Neurobiology, 7,5 hp Communicating science, 6 hp
In situ Conservation for Ethologists, 7,5 hp Degree Project - Master’s Thesis, 60 hp Methods in Applied Ethology, 7,5 hp Theory of Applied Ethology, 7,5 hp Primate Ethology, 9 hp
Zoo Biology, 7,5 hp
Programme For Education - Biology courses Biology (1-15 hp), 15 hp Biology (16-30 hp), 15 hp Biology (31-37,5 hp), 7,5 hp Biology (38-45 hp), 1,5 hp Biology (46-60 hp), 15 hp Biology (61-75 hp), 15 hp Biology (76-90 hp), 15 hp Biology (91-97,5 hp) 7,5 hp Biology thesis, 15 hp Engineering Biology Cell Biology, 6 hp Microbiology, 6 hp Principals in Physiology, 6hp Chemical Biology Cell Biology, 6 hp
Genes and Gene Expression, 15 hp Genetics, 6 hp
Microbiology, 6 hp
Molecular Physiology and Cell Signaling Mechanisms, 6 hp
Principals in Physiology, 6 hp
Industrial Engineering and Management Genetics and Evolution, 6hp Ecology and the Environment, 6 hp Biotechnology - Bachelor Project, 18 hp Modelling of Biological Systems, 6 hp Cell biology and microbial processe,s 6hp Principles in Physiology and Ethics, 6hp Experimental and Medical Biosciences Cardiovascular Biology, 7,5 hp
Laboratory Techniques in Experimental Biosciences, 7,5 hp
Behaviour and Biology of the Dog, part 1, 7,5p Behaviour and Biology of the Dog, part 2, 7,5hp Behaviour and Biology of the Dog, part 3, 7,5hp Introduction to Ethology, 7,5hp
Senses and Behaviour of the Horse, 7,5 hp Ethology - Continued Course, 7,5 hp Faunistics & Floristics, 9hp summer course
Biology for Foundation Year, 7 hp Biology for Foundation Year, 7 hp
• Director of studies: Magdalena Svensson • Education secretary: Rita Fantl
• Study counselor: Helena Herbertsson • Technical staff: Bo Palmquist,
• Teachers: Anki Brorsson, Marcus Bäck, Uno
Carlsson, Johan Dahlén, Karin Enander, Per Hammarström, Helena Herbertsson, Bengt-Harald Jonsson, Martin Josefsson, Peter Konradsson, Ingemar Kvarnström, Per-Olov Käll, Maria Lundkvist, Patrik Lundström, Annika Niklasson, Gunilla Niklasson, Lars Göran Mårtensson, Peter Nilsson, Lars Ojamäe, Elke Schweda, Maria Sunnerhagen, Magdalena Svensson, Henrik Pedersen, Fredrik Söderlind, Gunnar Höst.
Study programmes in Chemistry:
• Chemistry (Ke) • Chemical Biology (KB)
• Chemical Analysis Engineering (KA) • Master of Science program. Profiles: Organic
Synthesis/Medicinal Chemistry and Protein Science.
• Technical Biology (TB) • Teacher Training Programs • Separate Courses
• Basic Year
Most of the chemistry courses offered are part of the three-year programmes, Chemistry (Ke)
and Chemical Biology (KB), (180 credits points/ hp). Students completing these programmes are awarded the degree of Bachelor of Science in Chemistry. All courses within the Chemistry Program are also available as separate courses. The program, Chemical Biology (KB), have an open entrance for the students: after a year of studies the students can choice to continue in natural science (or to choose a more technical variant to become engineers). Chemical Biology combines understanding of complex biological processes with the fundamental principles of chemistry.
All study programs consist of three-year Bachelor of Science programs (180 hp) and master programs on advanced level for further two years (120hp). Chemistry offers master profiles in Organic Synthesis/Medicinal Chemistry and Protein Science.
Some of the chemistry courses are also included in the study programmes of students majoring in Biology, Medicinal Biology and in
Teacher Training Programs (students becoming Upper Secondary School teachers). Biology bachelors are required to earn 21 hp chemistry, while Science Education majors earn up to 45-120 hp of chemistry.
Besides the above mentioned courses as part of the Mathematical Natural Science, chemistry courses are offered for engineering students in the M.Sc. program Chemical Biology (also mentioned above) and Engineering Biology (TB)
(270 hp). The Chemical Analysis Engineering (KA)
(180 hp), a three-year programme, has analytical chemistry as the main profile.
Basic Year (69 students, 8 hp, 11 students, 7 hp), with introductory courses in Chemistry on a secondary school level, is offered to students who do not meet the requirements for studies at the University.
In 2015 a total of 50 students graduated: • Bachelor of Science in Engineering
- Chemical Analysis Engineering 9 students • Bachelor of Science Chemistry – Molecular
Design / Chemical Biology 3/7 students • Master of Science Chemistry / Chemical
Biology 7/1 students
• Master of Science in Chemical Biology 23 students
Altogether approximately 750 students have enrolled in about 75 courses in chemistry through the year 2015.
Natural sciences courses
Advanced Organic Synthesis 12 Analytical Chemistry - Chromatography 6 Analytical Chemistry S 6 Analytical Chemistry T 6
Biochemistry 1 6
Biomolecular Design 6 Combinational Protein Engineering 6 Experimental Chemistry 6 General Chemistry 1 6 General Chemistry 2 6 General Chemistry 9 Inorganic Chemistry 6 Medicinal Chemistry 6 Medicinal Natural Products 6 Molecular Design - Project Course 6 Organic Analytical Chemistry 12 Organic Chemistry 15 Organic Chemistry 3 Organic Chemistry 1 6 Organic Chemistry 2 12 Organic Synthesis 9 Physical Chemistry Spectroscopy 6 Physical Chemistry Thermodynamic 6 Physical-Organic Chemistry 6 Protein Chemistry 12 Statistical Tools for Chemical Analysis 6 Degree Project - Bachelor’s Thesis (KB) 16 Degree Project - Bachelor’s Thesis 16 Degree Project - Master’s Thesis 30 Degree Project - Master’s Thesis (KB) 30 Degree Project - Master’s Thesis (KB) 40 Degree Project - Master’s Thesis 60 Degree Project - Master’s Thesis (KB) 60
Advanced Bioinformatics 6 Analytical Chemistry (TB) 6 Application Areas to Chemical Analysis Engineering 6 Applied Structural Biology 6 Biochemistry 1 (KA) 6
Biochemistry 2 6
Bioinformatics 3 Biological Measurements 6 Biomolecular Disease Processes 6 Biostructural Technologies 6 Chemistry for Foundation Year 8 + 6 Chemometrics 3 Environmental Chemistry 6 Forensic Biochemistry 6 Forensic Chemistry 6 Fundamentals of Chemistry 6 Gene Technology 3
Life Scientific Research Review 6
Organic Chemistry 6
Physical Chemistry (KB) 6 Preparation of Proteins 3 Principles of Environmental Chemistry 6 Project Course; Chemical Biology 6 Project in Chemical Analysis Engineering 6
Protein Chemistry 6
Protein Engineering and Project Management -Bachelor Project 16 Proteomics 6 Spectroscopy and Kinetics 6 Degree Project - Bachelor’s Thesis (KA) 16 Degree Project - Master’s Thesis (KB) 30 Degree Project - Master’s Thesis (KB-TB profile) 30
Chemistry (1-15 hp) 15 Chemistry (16-30 hp) 15 Chemistry (31-45 hp) 15 Chemistry: Teaching Practice (46-52,5 hp) 7,5 Chemistry (53-60 hp) 7,5 Chemistry (61-75 hp) 15 Chemistry (76-90 hp) 15 Chemistry (91-97,5 hp) 7,5
The division provides undergraduate courses in: • Physics
• Measurement technology • Biomaterials and Biotechnology
• Director of studies: Magnus Boman • Administrative assistants: Rita Fantl,
• Technical staff: Hasan Dzuho,
• Course leaders: Daniel Aili, Peter
Andersson,Valerio Beni, Peder Bergman, Emma Björk, Jonas Björk, Lars Björklund, Caroline Brommesson, Bo Durbeej, Thomas Ederth, Marcus Ekholm, Anders Elfwing, Jens Eriksson, Mats Eriksson, Karin Enander, Daniel Filippini, Robert Gustavsson, Anne Henry, Gunnar Hörnsten, Olle Inganäs, Fredrik Jeppsson, Magnus Johansson, Kenneth Järrendahl, Roger Magnusson, Carl-Fredrik Mandenius, Magnus Odén, Mehrdad Rafat, Lina Rogström, Per Sandström, Vallery Stanishev, Anke Suska, Anthony Turner, Kajsa Uvdal
• Two new courses, Physics 2 and Physics 3, were developed and given as a part of the Basic year.
• Three new courses (Physics 61-75 hp, Physics 76-90 hp, and Physics 91-97,5 hp) were developed and given as a part of the new Teacher training programme
The courses are given for the:
• Engineering Master of Science programmes: BME, D, I, Ii, KB, M, MED, TB, Y, Yi. • Engineering Bachelor of Science
programmes: DI, EL, KA, MI. • Bachelor of Science program: FyN. • Teacher training programmes: LP. • Basic year and semester: BAS, BAST.
At an advanced level, courses are provided for two profiles:
• Devices and Materials in Biomedicine (TB)
Profile leader: Karin Enander.
• Industrial Biotechnology and Production
Profile leader: Carl-Fredrik Mandenius.
• Astronomy and Geophysics (FyN) 6 hp • Basic year, Physics 1 (BAS) 12 hp • Basic year, Physics 2 (BAS) 8 hp • Basic year, Physics 3 (BAS) 7 hp • Engineering Mechanics (KB, TB), 6 hp • Mechanics (MED, Yi), 6 hp
• Mechanics I (FyN), 6 hp • Mechanics II (FyN), 4 hp • Molecular Physics (TB), 6 hp • Physics (KB, TB), 6 hp • Physics 1-15 hp, (LP), 15 hp • Physics 16-30 hp, (LP), 15 hp • Physics 31-45 hp, (LP), 15 hp • Physics 46-60 hp, (LP), 15 hp • Physics 61-75 hp, (LP), 15 hp, • Physics 75-90 hp (LP), 15 hp • Physics 91-97,5 hp (LP), 7,75 hp • Thesis in Physics (76-90 hp) (LÄR), 15 hp • Wave Physics (EL), 4hp
• Computers in Measurement Systems (KA), 6 hp • Contemporary Sensor Systems (BME, FyN,
MED, MFYS, Y), 6 hp
• Electrical Measurement Systems (EL), 4 hp • Measurement Technology (FyN, Mat, MED,
Y, Yi), 1,5 hp
• Measurement Technology (D, DI), 4 hp • Measurement Technology (M, MI), 6 hp
• Measurement Technology (TB), 6 hp
Biomaterials and Biotechnology:
• Biomedical Materials (BME, TB), 6 hp • Biosensor Technology (KB, MED, TB), 6 hp • Biotechnology Manufacturing (KB, TB), 6hp • Biotechnology Project (I, Ii), 6 hp
• Degree project - Master’s Thesis (TB, KB), 30 hp • Design of Biotechnical Process and
Production -systems, project Course (KB,TB), 6 hp.
• Engineering Project (TB, KA), 6 hp • Materials and Nanotechnology (TB), 6 hp • Materials for Biomedical Engineering;
from-nano- to macro-level (MED), 8 hp
• Materials in Medicine, CDIO-Project (TB), 6 hp • Microsystems and Nanobiology (TB, Y), 6 hp • Imaging and ubiquitous biosensing (TB), 6 hp • Industrial Biotechnology (KB, TB), 6 hp • Introduction to Biosensor Technology (I, Ii,
MED), 6 hp
• Supramolecular Chemistry (TB), 6 hp • Surfaces and interfaces (KB, MED, TB), 6 hp • Surface Science (KB, TB), 6 hp
Master’s Programme in Applied
Ethology and Animal Biology
This programme deals with animal behvaiour and biology from an applications perspective. Central issues are the biology of stress and animal welfare, domestication effects on behaviour, physiology of behvaiour and conservation biology.
The programme is taught in association with Kolmården Zoo which sometimes is the teaching venue. Learning rests on a mix of classroom lectures , seminars ans hands-on projects involving studies of animals in captive enivornments.
All over the world, problems associated with keeping animals in captivity require increased attention and knowledge.
After completed studies, the student should be well-acquainted with theories of animal behaviour and biology, and have a close understanding of the concepts of animal welfare and conservation. Examination requires the ability to plan, implement and present a scientific investigation in the subject framework of the programme.
More information: http://www.liu.se/ utbildning/pabyggnad/6METH?l=en&sc=true
Master’s Programme in Ecology
and the Environment, 120 ECTS
Students will develop a critical scientific approach to ecology and an awareness o fits role in society.
Master’s Programme in Materials
Science and Nanotechnology
The Master’s Programme in Materials Science and Nanotechnology educates students for specialization in the area of physics of novel materials. The master students are prepared for
university or industry careers in materials related research and development.
The programme covers a broad perspective of today’s materials science and links to applications in semiconductor technology, optoelectronics, bioengineering
(biocompatibility), chemical and biosensors, and mechanical applications for high hardness and elasticity, etc.
The programme comprises four semesters. The first autumn semester dedicates mainly to the compulsory courses while the two following semesters contain a large variety of elective courses to choose among essentially four profiles: • Electronic materials and devices
• Surface and nano-sciences • Theory and modelling of materials • Organic/molecular electronics and sensors The final semester is assigned to the Master’s thesis and that should be based on a high quality scientific research project within the area of the profile chosen by the student. The thesis project work can be performed either at Linköping University or at other universities. More information: http://www.liu.se/ utbildning/pabyggnad/6MMSN?|=en
Deals with the design, synthesis and evaluation of low molecular weight organic substances which are biologically active. The programme begins with courses in organic chemistry and organic synthesis, building from the basic concepts to the advanced level, followed by an introduction to medicinal chemistry. Students will acquire the theoretical knowledge and practical experience needed to work with organic synthesis in the pharmaceutical industry.
More information: http://www.liu.se/ utbildning/pabyggnad/6MKOS?l=en&sc=true
A multidisciplinary doctoral
programme within biology,
chemistry, medicine, physics
• Programme director, director of studies:
• Assistant director of studies:
• Chairperson of the scientific advisory committee: Ingemar Lundström • Administrator: Anette Andersson
IFM is the host for the doctoral programme Forum Scientium (http://www.liu.se/
forskning/scientium/?l=en). Forum Scientium is a multidisciplinary programme and the doctoral students have backgrounds within biology, chemistry, medicine, physics and technology. The research projects are located at two faculties; Faculty of Health Science and the Faculty of Science and Engineering, three campuses; Norrköping, US and Valla, and five departments; ITN, IKE, IMT, IFM and IMH.
Forum Scientium has financial support from the faculty and from the supervisors.
The strategic objectives are “PhDs well prepared for their future careers through a structured doctoral programme which includes research of world class, and cooperation and multifaceted contacts with industry and society”.
During 2015, the doctoral programme Forum Scientium had around 60 PhD-students, and during the year 11 PhD and one licentiate theses were presented and defended. Other activities during 2015:
• Ten monthly meetings at Campus US, Norrköping and Valla
• Study visit to Edinburgh/Glasgow/Dundee, May 2015
• Summer Conference at Vårdnäs, August 2015 • Poster competition during the summer
conference, August 2015
• Yearly individual follow-up with each PhD-student
• Courses of high quality
August 2015. The Forum Scientium Summer Conference at Vårdnäs
• AFM Director: Magnus Berggren • Graduate School Head: Per Olof Holtz • Graduate School Administrator: Anette Frid • Agora Student Council in the end of 2015:
Mikhail Chubarov (Thin Film Physics, IFM) Igor Mosyagin (Theoretical Physics, IFM) Sit Kerdsongpanya (Thin Film Physics, IFM) Jesper Edberg (Organic Electronics, ITN) Lía Férnandez del Río (Applied Optics, IFM) The Agora Materiae Graduate School for PhD students working in the research field of novel functional materials was formed about three years ago, in the beginning of 2012. Today Agora Materiae has 47 members, from the three departments IFM, ITN and IEI. In year 2014, 7 PhD theses and 4 licentiate theses of Agora members were presented and defended. Agora Materiae provides financial support from AFM, which manages larger investments in research and infrastructure, based on the strategic support from the Swedish government for materials science. The Graduate School is dedicated to offer graduate studies in a true multi-disciplinary environment.
Some important activities within the Agora
Materiae Graduate School during 2015:
Study visit: In May 2015, Agora Materiae Graduate School went to the company Sandvik AB for a two-day study visit. The first day,
Sandvik Coromant AB in Västberga and Gimo were visited, and the second day Agora went to Sandvik Material Technology R&D in
Summer conference: Every year, there is a summer conference arranged during approximately three days. In Aug. 2015, the summer conference took place in Kolmården
Vildmarkshotell and had this year two parts: A first part for Agora solely with invited speakers, poster presentations and outdoor activities and a second part, which was coordinated with the “mother organization” AFM for an international materials workshop with several invited speakers and researchers from industries, institutes and from universities.
Seminar activities. Every fourth week, all Agora PhD students attend seminar activities. Each time three Agora members give a presentation, and in addition one invited speaker, often a former PhD student, forward his/her experiences as a postdoc at these occasions.
Common courses. Agora Materiae graduate school arranges common courses, such as Basic Management of Research Projects and Analytical Methods in Materials Science. In year 2015, there was a new course in
Presentation Techniques arranged by Agora for the first time.
Director of Graduate Studies: Per Olof Holtz
The graduate program at IFM, Linköping University aims at a degree of Licentiate or Doctor of Technology or Philosophy. To fulfill the requirements for this exam, the graduate student completes a number of courses and writes a doctoral/licentiate thesis. The graduate student aims at a Doctor degree in four years (full-time training) or for a Licentiate degree in approximately half the time. However, most students also do teaching at undergraduate level (at a maximum 20% of their time), which means that the total time to provide the Doctoral degree can be extended by up to a year. The course part corresponds to either 30 or 45 credit points (hp) for the Licentiate thesis and either 60 or 90 hp for the Doctoral degree dependent on which research area the PhD student is registered.
During the year 2015, 33 new students entered the graduate program at IFM. In the end of 2015, a total of about 165 PhD students were registered. There were in total 40 graduate exams, of which 28 were PhD exams and 12 Licentiate exams, at IFM during the year 2015.
There are two graduate schools, Forum Scientium and Agora Materiae, based at IFM, but these graduate schools also attract PhD students from other departments (e.g. ITN and IEI) within the technical faculty, but also from the medical faculty (HU).
The course menu is organized jointly for the different scientific research groups at IFM, which means that a broad course menu within physics, chemistry and biology is offered, reflecting the strong inter-disciplinary character prevailing at IFM. About 50 courses were offered at IFM during the year 2015 (See Table below), but the PhD students can also follow courses given at other departments of Linköping University or at other universities.
There are compulsory courses for all PhD students; Science methodology (4 hp) and
Yearly individual follow-up. Each PhD student in Agora had a discussion with the graduate school director in oct/nov 2015 to discuss project, progress, time schedule, but also problems in the graduate program.
Nobel lecture. Prof emeritus Bo Monemar from IFM lectured on Nov 26 about the Nobel prize 2014: “The invention of efficient blue
light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources”. Prof
Monemar has been collaborating with two of the Nobel prize winners for more than 20 years, and was awarded as Honorary Doctor at Nagoya University in October 2006. Prof Monemar has been working as a visiting researcher in Japan during the autumn 2015.
ethics (2 hp), arranged by the technical faculty. In addition, for all PhD students doing teaching at undergraduate level, a basic pedagogics course is mandatory. IFM is arranging such a pedagogics course giving 3 hp credits.
Each PhD student is required to make an individual study plan each year. This study plan should contain information on e.g the
supervision, a time schedule for the PhD studies, a project plan for the research work together with teaching and other duties at the department. During 2015, an annex with information about the fulfillment of the aims for the PhD student given in the national regulations has been added.
Moreover, each PhD student at IFM will be provided with a mentor when entering the graduate studies. The mentor is a person, who is well experienced of graduate programs and supervision of PhD students. The most important reason for the mentorship system at IFM is that each PhD student should have the possibility to discuss with another person than his/her supervisor on various questions related to the graduate studies. The mentor is also taking part in the annual follow-up of the individual study plans.
PhD courses offered at IFM 2015
Scanning Probe Microscopy 3 hp Polymer Physics 3 hp Aspects of the MOCVD of (Al, B)N and towards their scalability 5 hp Quantum computers 6 hp Quantum mechanics I 7,5 hp Synchrotron Radiation 7,5 hp XRD, experimental part 4 hp TEM 5 hp Nano Physics 6 hp
Nucleation and Growth 2 hp Biotechnology advanced course 10 hp Bio Technology, Exp. Techniques 10 hp Trends in Bio Technology 10 hp IR-spectroscopy 5 hp Molecular Mechanics and Dynamics 7,5 hp Computational Quantum Chemistry 5 hp Thin Film Physics 6 hp Network Theory 3 hp Solid State Physics II 7.5 hp Analytical Methods in Materials Science
(AMMS) 6 hp
Biomolecular inreractions 6 hp Soft Materials and Self Assembly 6 hp Physical Metallurgy 6 hp Electrical characterization of
semiconductors 5 hp
Semiconductor Physics 6 hp Ion Beam Analysis in Material Science 7,5 hp Introduction to growth of III-nitride nano
structures 3 hp
Biosensor Technology 6 hp Density Functional Theory 7,5 hp Introduction to cathodoluminescence
spectroscopy 7,5 hp
Chemical Sensor and Science Technology
(web based) 3 hp
Statistical and Thermal Physics I 7,5 hp CAD for scientific use 3 hp Molecular Basis of Protein
Conformational Diseases 6 hp Semiconductor Physics I 8 hp
Surface Physics 6 hp Imaging and ubiquitous biosensing 6 hp Advanced organic electronics 6 hp Modeling of CVD 6 hp Photoelectron Spectroscopy and its
applications 6 hp
Biomolecular disease processes 6 hp Growth perspectives on scalable materials 5 hp Nanoscale phenomena on surfaces and
interfaces 3 hp
Biomolecular Structural Analysis 8 hp Science education for postgraduate
/doctoral students 3 hp Bioethics/research ethics 3 hp Basic management of Research projects 1,5 hp Entrepreneurship 6 hp Trends and properties in the periodic chart 5 hp
Catalysis 4,5 hp
Behavior genetics 6 hp Advanced bioinformatics 6 hp Practical Electrochemistry 4 hp Polarized Light 4 hp
Scientific Branch of
Research divisions and professors
• Applied Optics: Kenneth Järrendahl (head),
• Applied Sensor Science: Anita Lloyd Spetz
• Biomolecular and Organic Electronics:
Olle Inganäs (head), Fengling Zhang
• Biosensors and Bioelectronics: Anthony
Turner (head), Fredrik Winquist (emeritus), Ingemar Lundström (emeritus)
• Biotechnology: Carl Fredrik Mandenius
(head), Johan Hyllner (adjunct), Gunnar Hörnsten (adjunct)
• Chemical and Optical Sensor Systems:
Stefan Klintström (head), Daniel Filippini, Helen Dannetun (rector)
• Complex Materials and Devices:
Martijn Kemerink (head)
• Molecular Physics: Doc. Thomas Ederth
(head), Doc. Daniel Aili (deputy head), Bo Liedberg (on leave)
• Molecular Surface Physics and Nanoscience:
Kajsa Uvdal (head)
• Surface Physics and Chemistry:
Mats Fahlman (head), Nathaniel Robinson (deputy head)
Division heads and Dr. Stefan Klintström (chairperson).
Summary of activities
The Scientific Branch of Applied Physics with its ten divisions is one of the large research units at Linköping University. It covers a wide range of applied science where physics merges with chemistry, biology and engineering. The
research activities target important needs in society where applied science contributes to create new products and new technical
solutions. By using cross-disciplinary mind-sets in an interactive environment with researchers from all areas of science and technology, Applied Physics has the goal and ambition to provide new findings and results of high value for industry, healthcare and environmental protection.
The ten divisions contribute to this mainly within two areas: (1) sensors for analytical purposes and (2) molecular devices and functional materials.
In the area - sensors for analytical purposes - a variety of techniques and methods based on optical and electronic measurement principles are studied. The applications include sensor analysis in clinical medicine, drug development, bioprocess control and environmental
monitoring. Examples of research activities are: Biosensors for distributed diagnostics, printed electrochemical sensors, wearable sensor for mobile health and environmental biosensors.
Silicon carbide gas sensors for
environmental monitoring and measurement at high temperatures.
Amplification of sensor signals using nanoparticles with functional properties for imaging in biomedicine.
Ellipsometric measurement techniques for investigating biological films and structures.
Online monitoring techniques for controlling stem cell and bio-therapeutic manufacture.
Nanoplasmonic biosensors for protein interaction and biomarker analysis.
Epitaxial graphene on silicon carbide and other 2 D sensing materials for gas and biosensors
A particular challenge is the limits of measurability of the sensors. Examples of approaches to address this are development of sensor materials with better analytical
performance and sensitivity e.g. by modifying the sensor surface using novel structures of graphene and silicon carbide. Other examples are new recognition molecules in the sensor and self-assembled architecture of molecules.
Another challenge is to unravel information by novel sensor configurations. This includes smart sensors and soft sensors where mathematical models and advanced data analysis are integral parts of the sensors. With electronic noses and tongues this is done by identifying pattern in multiple signals. Imaging methods using nanoparticles or microfluidic systems for lab-on-a-chip and organ-on-lab-on-a-chip applications are other examples.
The sensor research also includes studies of surface physics and chemistry and specific interaction of bio- and organic molecules. Another useful contribution is conceptual design where a systematic methodology covers
performance, sensor functionality and the users’ needs.
The second area - molecular devices and functional materials – exploits electrical and other physical properties for achieving new inventive devices and materials.
Understanding of surface physics and chemistry and interactions and structure of organic molecules is pivotal in the quest for these inventions.
Examples of research activities are:
Using conductive polymers (PEDOTs) in form of lipid membrane bilayers integrated in animal cells that can mimic the biological process.
Biomolecular electronic devices using conjugated polymers for energy storage, such as solar cells.
Photovoltaic devices for charge transfer. Thermoelectric generators and ratchets. Materials and devices for data storage based on organic ferroelectrics.
Utilisation of biological materials for improving functional materials such as lignin and brain fibres.
New techniques for device fabrication of microsystems, including microfluidic devices for 3D printing. This also paves the way for analytical sensors.
An example of application to optics is liquid crystal lenses with the potential to replace human eye lenses.
Several of the molecular materials approach biology and biotechnology applications. Examples are scaffolds for smart tissues, new biomaterials for tissue engineering and drug delivery systems, and methods for hindering bio-adhesion in marine environments. In many of the research activities at Applied Physics, SMEs or larger companies are participants or stakeholders in the research with the intention to develop new products from the results generated in the research groups.
During 2015, we had 40 PhD students within the Applied Physics. Eight PhD students did successfully present their PhD theses and two PhD students presented their Licentiates. Most of the PhD students participate in the graduate schools Forum Scientium or Agora Materiae (see separate entries). The PhD students normally work in projects that involve two or more divisions or departments at Linköping University. Forum Scientium is directed by Dr Stefan Klintström.
The Scientific Area contributes with 25 basic and advanced courses within their specialties in several undergraduate programs, in particular
the programmes “Engineering Biology”, “Biomedical Engineering” and “Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering”.
Larger research programmes
• Strategic Faculty Grant AFM – Advanced Functional Materials
• Strategic Faculty Grant Security Link • VINNOVA Challenge driven innovation
(UDI) project Online sensor system for resource-efficient water management (Sensation)
• VINNOVA VINN Excellence Centre FunMat • Linköping Initiative for Life Science
• EU IRSES network CANCERSENS • The Linköping Center for Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology - CeNano
• “Tail of the Sun” funded by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation
• “Power Papers” funded by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation
• “Designed Nanoparticles by Pulsed Plasma” funded by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation
• “Working on Venus” (WOV) funded by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation • EU Marie Sklodowska Curie Innovative
Training Network ”BIORAPID” • EU StemBANCC (Innovative Medicine
Innovative IMI consortium) • EuNetAir, a COST Network
• EU Marie Sklodowska Curie Innovative Training Network MICACT
• EU Marie Curie ITN “Renaissance” • EU Next Generation Hybrid Interfaces for
Spintronic Applications (HINTS) • EU SUstainable Novel FLexible Organic
Watts Efficiently Reliable (SUNFLOWER) • SSF funded Large-area light-emission on the
• EU Nanotechnology based intelligent multi-SENsor System with selective
pre-concentration for Indoor air quality control (SENSIndoor)
• FFI (Fordonsstrategisk Forskning och Innovation) Silicon carbide sensors for more reliable and efficient control of diesel engines • SSF project focused on epitaxial graphene on
• Professors: Kenneth Järrendahl,
Hans Arwin, Arturo Mendoza Galván
• Associate professor: Tomas Hallberg
• Assistant professor: Sergiy Valyukh • Professor emeritus: Jan Landin
• Post Doctors: Lars Kroon, Roger Magnusson,
• PhD students: Lía Fernández del Río,
Eloy Muñoz Pineda, Christina Åkerlind
• Administrative assistant: Anna Maria
• Visiting/diploma students: Andreas
14 publications, 1 patent, 12 conference contributions. Christina Åkerlind defended her Licentiate thesis in April and Lía Fernández del Río had her half-time evaluation in October.
We combine material optics and development of ellipsometric methodology to analyze optical properties and nanostructures of bulk
materials, thin films and their interfaces. Our main technique is spectroscopic ellipsometry which is based on analysis of changes in the state of polarization of light interacting with matter. Our instruments cover the spectral range 0.19–33 μm (0.04–6.5 eV) and provide generalized ellipsometric data as well as depolarization and Mueller-matrix data. Our software allows analysis of the dielectric ε, magnetic μ and gyrotropic ξ and ζ tensors at optical frequencies. Using these features we can address materials properties of nanostructured materials in the field of photonics and
Natural photonic structures
Optical properties of cuticles of several species of beetles found primarily in Europe and South America were studied to learn how nature has designed biomultilayers. Of special interest is to understand structural colors and the associated polarization properties of light reflected and/or scattered from cuticles as well as relation between optical properties and structure.
Of large scientific as well as technical interest is the white beetle Cyphochilus
insulanus which scatters diffusively and
depolarize light due to structural effects. Mueller-matrix spectroscopic ellipsometry (MMSE) and light scattering techniques are used to reveal structural and optical details. At small angles of incidence C. insulanus is close to a Lambertian scatterer whereas at large angles it appears as a dielectric reflector. Infrared studies show that the major constituent of the exoskeleton is α-chitin (Fig. 1).
Fig. 1 The diffusively scattering beetle C.
MMSE is also applied to other beetles including
Cetonia aurata, Chrysina gloriosa and Cotinis mutabilis. Specular and off-specular reflection
as well as transmission MMSE-measurements in combination with microscopy studies are evaluated to reveal beetles exoskeleton structure. A large variety of complexity is observed including helicoidal, multilayered structures with single or multipitch and